My answer to Should soldiers be punished for killing civilians?
Answer by Ken Larson:
The Uniform Code of Military Justice of the United States allows the prosecution by Court Marshall of a soldier accused of unwarranted killing of civilians.
Several other countries have the same types of regulations in their armed forces, driven principally by the Geneva Convention.
Unfortunately in this high tech world of global warfare the fault for random killing of civilians is much higher in the chain of command than at the individual solider and often rests at the agency level, where a soldier is ordered to take actions by their command structure which may kill innocent bystanders.
This absolves the soldier from responsibility and blurs the responsibility in a bureaucratic manner. Here is a story run by “The Daily Beast” that illustrates my point: